1. Temperature is key to seed germination, but good seeds are also the key.
When I first started gardening, I’d feel very discouraged after sowing 2-3 seeds of one plant and it never came up. I bought a heat mat, and babied the seedlings so much. I thought there couldn’t possibly be more that I can do.
Seeds have a life, just like all living things, even though it’s not moving. Some seeds are bad, and some seeds never germinate (i.e. from hybrid plants). Sometimes saving the seeds you bought more than 2 years before decreases the germination rate drastically as well. It’s not your fault if you did everything right but the seeds don’t sprout.
The key to battling seed germination disappointment is to:
- sow a shit load of seeds. You will be so happy something has sprouted and forget about the ones that didn’t.
- buy variety of seeds (different vegetable seeds, herb seeds, flower seeds, and different varieties of the same plant also helps).
- buy potted plants and don’t have to worry about seedlings! Although this route is a little more expensive. I bought 3 tomato plants from Sam’s this year because I did not germinate my seeds in time to grow. Totally worth every dollar I spent.
2. Don’t follow the rules. Experiment and fail fast.
Some people argue one should prune tomatoes, others argue not. Some people put down cardboard to kill weeds, others use fabric weed barrier. Each group is strong believers of their methods and points out the other method’s flaws. It’s hard to decide who to listen to when you start gardening. Looking back, I would take everything with a grain of salt, and experiment with your own environment.
One of the things I enjoy watching / learning the most from gardeners all over the world is to see them experiment with different soil type, different seeds, different time to sow seeds, sowing multiple seeds in one place, dig vs. no dig in the garden, burying fish heads in the ground, etc.
3. Stick your fingers in the mud and get dirty!
This was probably the hardest thing for me to learn. I am a bit of a neat freak. Ever since I was little, I like things organized, neat, clean, and tidy. To get my hands dirty and use my hands to dig, plant, and pull out weeds was a challenge. I used to wear a pair of gloves to go out into the garden and found that to be soothing as I have a barrier between me and the dirt. Recently I have watched many experienced gardeners use their hands in the garden, whether to pull weed, or making a hole to sow seeds, or harvest. I thought I’d give it a shot. It was hard to adapt to at first but as time went on, I felt a lot more connected with the garden and plants. I know some people even went a step further and talk to their plants. I am not quite there yet but I do feel like my plants like me more now that I tend to them everyday!
Mistakes I’ve made during my short period of gardening:
- Trying to transplant seedlings by yanking them out of the soil instead of flipping the pot upside down and dump them out in order to not disturb the root, or accidentally break the stem
- I tried cutting the leaves on leeks I grew, thinking they are like Bak Choi and will keep growing new leaves from within. This is probably not the best way to eat leeks. Eventually it just dies and stops producing more inner leaves.
- I tried planting a sprouted sweet potato, and it was dug up by some rodent and eaten. Should have checked on this sweet potato every once in a while, and probably not a good idea to throw it in the garden in the dead of winter hoping it would grow some sweet potatoes.
- I was very “stingy” using the seeds like they are precious commodity. The germination rate would never be 100%. I don’t know why I was hoping each seed would grow up like Jack and the Beanstalk. Now I multisow my seeds after stumbling upon Charles Dowding’s youtube channel.
- I tried using the soil I have in the backyard without mulch or compost, thinking that all soil are the same (I also didn’t think I need to buy “expensive dirt” from Home Depot). Composted soil makes life SO MUCH easier. Currently, I am using cow manure and leaving it in the garden for a couple of days for the worms to compost it a little for me. I also use the potting soil from Miracle Grow with the cow manure. In the future, I’d like to buy compost in bulk from my local soil company.
- I tried only grow only one thing at a time, being the perfectionist I am. Looking back, I don’t know why I didn’t grow more stuff in the same period of time! Plants die; there are weaker ones, ones more susceptible to disease and fungi. Sometimes it’s just pure luck when the raccoon decides to visit at night and stamp on the seedling and killing it.
- I tried germinating seeds from pure vermiculite. It works on some seeds but not others. I think because vermiculite does not hold water as well as compost, smaller seedlings struggle to stay moist and dies after germination. I now mix compost with vermiculite to germinate seeds.
What’s the biggest thing you’ve learned from starting your own garden in this pandemic?